HAO STYLE TAIJI

Brennan Translation

武式太極拳
WU YUXIANG STYLE TAIJI BOXING
郝少如 編者
by Hao Shaoru
顧留馨 審
edited by Gu Liuxin
[published June, 1963]

[translation by Paul Brennan, June, 2013]

郝為真

郝為真(1849─1920)
Hao Weizhen

武式太極拳簡介
INTRODUCTION TO WU YUXIANG STYLE TAIJI BOXING

河北永年人武河清,字禹襄(1812─1880),出身於小官僚地主家庭,兄弟三人在家練習武術。當楊露禪(1799─1872)自陳家溝返鄉,禹襄兄弟愛其術,從學陳氏老架太極拳,得其大概。禹襄兄澄清(1800─1884)於1852年中進士,官河南舞陽縣知縣,禹襄赴兄任所,便道過溫縣陳家溝,擬訪露禪之師陳長興(1771─1853)求益。道經趙堡鎮,知長興已老病(這年長興已82歲,越歲卒),時陳青萍在趙堡鎮教授陳氏新架太極拳,遂從青萍學新架月餘,備悉理法。澄清於舞陽鹽店得王宗岳(乾隆年間人)《太極拳譜》,禹襄得譜研究,更有發悟,以練拳心得發揮王氏舊譜之義,為《十三勢行工歌訣》作註解十條,名為《打手要言》;又衍為《十三勢行工心解》四則;並歸納鍛煉要領為《身法十要》。其著作皆根據其本身的體驗,故簡練精要,無一浮詞。
禹襄之甥李經綸,字亦畬(1832─1892),於1853年始從禹襄學拳。亦畬研究太極拳,仿禹襄實驗之法,招致鄉勇以自驗其技,一再筆錄修訂。亦畬之孫槐蔭於1935年在李廉讓堂本《太極拳譜序》中說:“此譜系先祖晚年所著,中經多次修改,方克完成。每得一勢巧妙,一著竅要,即書一紙貼於座右,比試揣摩,不斷實驗,逾數日覺有不妥應修改,即撕下,另易他條,往復撕貼必至完善而始止,久之遂集成書。”李亦畬的太極拳論文有:“五字訣”一篇、“撒放秘訣”擎引鬆放七言四句、“走架打手行工要言”一篇(闡述了走架即是打手、打手即是走架,練拳和推手相輔相成之理)。近代太極拳的傳布,以楊氏祖孫三代對教材教法不斷創新之力為多,而於拳理的鑽研總結,首推武、李,較之王宗岳《太極拳論》之抽象性的概括,原為具體切實,有繼承、有發展,乃能自成一家。
武禹襄拳式既不同於陳式老架和新架,亦不同於楊式大架和小架,學而化之,自成一派,其特點是:姿勢緊湊,動作舒緩,步法嚴格分清虛實,胸部、腹部的進退旋轉始終保持中正,完全是用內動的虛實轉換和“內氣潛轉”來支配外形;左右手各管半個身體,不相逾越,出手不過足尖。原來也有跳躍動作,到四傳的郝月如(1877─1935)才改為不縱不跳;雙擺連也改為不拍打腳面,這是為適應年老體弱者的需要而作的改革。
武式推手的步法,僅為進三步半,退三步半一種。
禹襄教讀自娛,亦畬行醫為業,均以儒生自居,在鄉授徒極少。李所傳以同鄉郝和(字為真,1849─1920)的技術最精。武式太極拳於民國初傳入北京時,有些人把它稱作李架,待為真之子月如和其孫少如於1928間去南京、上海教拳時,也有人稱它為郝架。月如遺有太極拳著作多篇。武、李後輩多不傳研太極拳,武式遂由郝氏傳習。少如不教拳亦已多年,上海市體育宮為了發掘傳統,於1961年開設了武式太極拳學習班,請郝少如教授,以廣其傳。武式太極拳從未有圖解問世,本書拳照系由郝少如照像,並寫動作說明。
(顧留馨)
Wu Heqing, called Yuxiang (1812-1880), was from Yongnian county, Hebei. He was from a family of landed gentry lower-level officials, and the three brothers in the family practiced martial arts. After Yang Luchan (1799-1872) came home from the Chen family village, Wu Yuxiang and his brothers admired his art, and they learned from him the “old frame” Chen Style Taiji Boxing, obtaining its general idea.
     In 1852, Yuxiang’s brother, Chengqing (1800-1884), passed in the top-level of the imperial examinations and was appointed county magistrate of Wuyang county, Henan. Yuxiang then went to work for his brother, but on the way he took a “shortcut” which…

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